Nitrogen: Ammonification followed by microbial : Nitrification and de – nitrification

   Metals: Adsorption and cation exchange : Complexation

   Plant Uptake : Microbial Oxidation : Reduction

   Pathogen: Sedimentation : Filtration : Natural die – off : Predation
   UV irradiation : Excretion of antibiotics from the roots of macrophytes.

Reeds from Seeds  2018 - 2019